Music Player Daemon Community Wiki

OpenWRT FullInstall

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These are notes that i typed in when did this procedure, if there's something i missed or if there's something that doesn't work for you please comment at and let know.

# How to install phpMp2 on an ASUS WL500gx router by Dominic clifton / Hydra
# ==========================================================================

# Requirements:
# * ASUS WL500gx 
(otherwise known as WL500g-Deluxe, buy them in the uk from )
# * A supported USB Sound card, check hardware compatability lists on openwrt wiki)
#   possible sources are ebay: search for "USB Audio", they look like pen drives
# * A supported USB 2 external hard drive enclosure fitted with a hard drive

# unplug all cables from your new wl500gx except power cable

# reset to defaults - hold the power button down for 20 seconds until 
power light flashes quickly

# unplug power from router

# hold down reset button on back of router and plug in the power - keeping 
the reset button
# held down until the power light flashes slowly.

# connect a network cable lead from your pc to any of your router's LAN ports 
(not the WAN port)

# issue this command on your windows box:

ping -t

# wait till you get a responce - leave the ping running!

# download this file

# issue this command on your windows box from another command prompt

tftp -i PUT openwrt-brcm-2.4-jffs2-4MB.trx 

# this should transfer the new firmware, after a while the ping in the other 
window will fail.

# wait about 60 seconds while the firmware is flashed to the router (you get no display..)
# if you reboot too quickly the just repeat from the ping above and flash again

# get putty and connect via telnet to


# after a reboot connect via telnet and we'll update a few things

mtd erase nvram

# after you've done this setup your network as required.
# you should be able to do this from

# i do that and then i bridge all the WAN, LAN and the wifi together on mine, 
but you don't need to
# i do it like this if you're interested.

nvram set lan_ipaddr=
nvram set lan_gateway=
nvram set lan_netmask=
nvram set lan_proto=static
nvram set lan_ifnames="vlan0 vlan1 eth1"
nvram set wan_ifname="none"
nvram set wan_hostname=wl500gx
nvram commit

# update the core system

ipkg update
ipkg install ipkg
ipkg upgrade
ipkg install dnsmasq

# edit your dns/dhcp settings if required.

vi /etc/dnsmasq.conf

# update our ipkg config

vi /etc/ipkg.conf

=== add this before the first "dest" line ===
src nico
src nico-testing
=== add end ===

# backup our ipkg config
cp /etc/ipkg.conf /etc/ipkg.conf.orig

# install some kernal modules that we need for USB and filesystem support

ipkg install kmod-usb-core 
ipkg install kmod-usb2
ipkg install kmod-usb-storage 
ipkg install kmod-usb-uhci 

ipkg install kmod-ext2 
ipkg install kmod-ext3 
ipkg install kmod-vfat

# set a password on our router


# we need to reboot now and shutdown now


# quickly unlug the power cable

# plug in your USB2 hard drive

# after this reboot you'll not be able to telnet to the router, you have to use ssh
# use putty again and connect up.

ipkg install fdisk
ipkg install e2fsprogs
ipkg install swap-utils

fdisk /dev/discs/disc0/disc

# partition as follows

                Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/discs/disc0/part1               1         523     4200966   83  Linux
/dev/discs/disc0/part2             524         654     1052257+  82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/discs/disc0/part3             655        4865    33824857+   c  W95 FAT32 (LBA)

# the last partition can be any type you like, but since this is a removable 
hdd then we
# make our lives easier by making it fat32/vfat and format it under windows

# issue this so mk2fs doesn't fail
cp /proc/mounts /etc/mtab

# format the linux ext3 partition

mke2fs -j /dev/discs/disc0/part1

# if you're using a drive with existing partitions use umount to unmount thigns 
as required.
# now we can mount our new partition

mount -t ext3 /dev/discs/disc0/part1 /mnt

# setup some swap space

mkswap /dev/discs/disc0/part2

# activate it - note, it doesn't get reactivated after a reboot, yet.

swapon /dev/discs/disc0/part2

# make some folders

mkdir -p /usb /mnt

# copy everything from to the usb device

tar cvO -C / bin/ etc/ lib/ sbin/ usr/ www/ var/ | tar x -C /mnt

# make more folders

mkdir -p /mnt/tmp && mkdir -p /mnt/dev && mkdir -p /mnt/proc && mkdir -p /mnt/jffs

# unmount the usb drive

umount /mnt

# remove /sbin/init

rm /sbin/init

# replace it with this script: 

vi /sbin/init

=== add start ===

# change this to your boot partition

# install needed modules for usb and the filesystems
insmod usbcore
insmod uhci && sleep 2s
# insmod ehci-hcd && sleep 2s
insmod scsi_mod && insmod sd_mod && insmod sg && insmod usb-storage
insmod ext2 && insmod jbd && insmod ext3
sleep 2s

# mount the usb stick
mount -t ext3 -o rw "$boot_dev" /usb

# if everything looks ok, do the pivot root
if [ -x /usb/sbin/init ] && [ -d /usb/jffs ]; then
 pivot_root /usb /usb/jffs
 mount none /proc -t proc
 mount none /dev -t devfs
 mount none /tmp -t tmpfs size=50%
 mkdir -p /dev/pts
 mount none /dev/pts -t devpts
 umount /jffs/proc /jffs/dev/pts
 sleep 1s
 umount /jffs/tmp /jffs/dev

# finally, run the real init (from USB hopefully).
exec /bin/busybox init
=== add end ===

# make sure it's executable

chmod a+x /sbin/init

# reboot!


# hopefully the system will boot off the usb drive instead of the flash rom
# log back in and check using mount


# the output should be something like this:

/dev/root on /jffs type jffs2 (rw)
none on /jffs/dev type devfs (rw)
none on /jffs/proc type proc (rw)
none on /jffs/proc/bus/usb type usbfs (rw)
/dev/scsi/host0/bus0/target0/lun0/part1 on / type ext3 (rw)  #<---important line
none on /proc type proc (rw)
none on /dev type devfs (rw)
none on /tmp type tmpfs (rw)
none on /dev/pts type devpts (rw)
none on /proc/bus/usb type usbfs (rw)

# now that's ok we can make it so we automatically enable the swap space

vi /etc/init.d/S10boot

=== add this line before first ifconfig line ===
#activate swap
swapon /dev/discs/disc0/part2
=== add end ===

# i have a fancy resolv.conf which has some search domains in which can't be 
set via the web interface so
# i edit it, and then make a backup of it.
vi /etc/resolv.conf
cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.orig

# after a reboot /etc/resolv.conf is lost so i need to automatically have 
it restored
# from /etc/resolv.conf.orig

vi /etc/init.d/S40network

=== add this line before the line with two ;;'s on ===
cp /etc/resolv.conf.orig /etc/resolv.conf
=== add end ===

# reboot to make sure things are ok


# after we're back in the shell type in


# output should be similar to this:

              total         used         free       shared      buffers
  Mem:        30584        11368        19216            0          980
 Swap:      1236996            0      1236996  # <--- the important line
Total:      1267580        11368      1256212

# anyway, network settings done for now.  onto the good stuff

# plug in your USB sound card

# install USB sound card drivers

ipkg install kmod-soundcore -nodeps
ipkg install kmod-usb-audio -nodeps

reboot (or insmod soundcore && insmod audio)

# run dmesg to see if your audio card was recognised


# output should be similar to this:

usb.c: registered new driver audio
usbaudio: device 2 audiocontrol interface 0 has 1 input and 1 output 
AudioStreaming interfaces
usbaudio: device 2 interface 2 altsetting 1 channels 1 framesize 2 configured
usbaudio: valid input sample rate 48000
usbaudio: valid input sample rate 44100
usbaudio: device 2 interface 2 altsetting 1: format 0x00000010 sratelo 44100 sratehi 48000 attributes 0x01
usbaudio: device 2 interface 1 altsetting 0 does not have an endpoint
usbaudio: device 2 interface 1 altsetting 1 channels 2 framesize 2 configured
usbaudio: valid output sample rate 48000
usbaudio: valid output sample rate 44100
usbaudio: device 2 interface 1 altsetting 1: format 0x01000010 sratelo 44100 sratehi 48000 attributes 0x01
usbaudio: registered dsp 14,3
usbaudio: constructing mixer for Terminal 6 type 0x0301
usbaudio: warning: found 1 of 2 logical channels.
usbaudio: assuming that a stereo channel connected directly to a mixer is 
missing in search (got Labtec headset?). Should be fine.
usbaudio: registered mixer 14,0
usbaudio: constructing mixer for Terminal 7 type 0x0101
usbaudio: registered mixer 14,16
usb_audio_parsecontrol: usb_audio_state at 811803c0
audio.c: v1.0.0:USB Audio Class driver

#you should now see files in /dev/sound/dsp

ls /dev/sound/

# output should be similar to this:

dsp     mixer   mixer1

# ok, sound is go!  now back to the hard drive for a bit

mkdir /usr/share/ftproot1

vi /etc/fstab

=== create as follows ===
/dev/discs/disc0/part3 /usr/share/ftproot1 vfat defaults 0 0
=== create end ===

mount -a

# make it so the fat32 partition mounts upon reboot as follows

vi /etc/init.d/S10boot

=== add this before first ifconfig line ===
# mount other partitions
mount -a
=== add end ===

# test an ipkg install to the hard drive (previously ipkg was installing to 
the flashrom)
ipkg install lsusb
which lsusb

# output should be similar to this:

#install samba

ipkg install samba

mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.orig

vi /etc/samba/smb.conf

=== create as follows ===
workgroup = HOME
server string = WL500gx Router
netbios name = wl500gx
guest account = nobody
security = share
browseable = yes
guest ok = yes
guest only = no
log level = 1
max log size = 100
encrypt passwords = yes
dns proxy = no

writeable = yes
browseable = yes
force create mode = 0775
force directory mode = 6775
force user = root

writeable = yes
browseable = yes
force create mode = 0775
force directory mode = 6775
force user = root
=== create end ===

# the above samba config lets you access \\wl500gx\public and \\wl500gx\wwwroot$
# \\wl500gx\wwwroot$ isn't listed by windows machines if you just go to \\wl500gx
# because of the $.  all files\folders are created by the root user.

# make it start after a reboot
mv /etc/init.d/samba /etc/init.d/S80samba

# edit the otpions

vi /etc/init.d/S80samba

=== add this line after the SMBD_PID line ===
SMBD_OPTIONS="-l /var/log/smbd.log"

#start it now
/etc/init.d/S80samba start

# check it's running

ps -ax | grep smbd

# output should be similar to this:
  708 root        928 S   smbd -D -l /var/log/smbd.log
  712 root        312 S   grep smbd

#copy some mp3 files to your music share via samba!!

# install mpd to the hard drive as follows

ipkg install mpd

mkdir /usr/local
mkdir /usr/local/mpd
mkdir /usr/share/ftproot1/music

#copy some mp3's to the directory above. (e.g. using winscp (slow!) or wget)

vi /etc/mpd.conf

=== edit options as follows ===
music_directory         "/usr/share/ftproot1/music"
playlist_directory      "/usr/share/ftproot1/music"
db_file                 "/usr/local/mpd/mpd.db"
log_file                "/usr/local/mpd/mpd.log"
error_file              "/usr/local/mpd/mpd.error"
pid_file                "/usr/local/mpd/"

# use this if you want to use OSS audio output
audio_output {
        type            "oss"
        name            "my OSS sound card"
        device          "/dev/sound/dsp" # optional
        format          "44100:16:2" #optional

# OSS Mixer
mixer_type              "oss"
mixer_device            "/dev/sound/mixer"
mixer_control           "PCM"

state_file              "/usr/local/mpd/mpdstate"
=== edit end ===

# start it now
/usr/bin/mpd /etc/mpd.conf

# you should see output like this:
unable open db file "/usr/local/mpd/mpd.db": No such file or directory
current locale is "C"
setting filesystem charset to ISO-8859-1
added your.mp3
added music.mp3
added files.mp3

# check it's running by doing this command and look for use of port 6600
# e.g: tcp    0    0*     LISTEN
netstat -a -n

# make it start after a reboot

vi /etc/init.d/S90mpd

== create as follows ===
/opt/usr/bin/mpd /opt/etc/mpd.conf
=== create end ===

chmod a+x /etc/init.d/S90mpd

# at this point you could use an MPD client that communiates with the MPD server
# running on the router via tcp/ip, e.g. MPD Commander for windows!
# what follows now is how to get a web server with php and a web based music 
player up
# and running.

# change the openwrt web interface so it's on port 81

vi /etc/init.d/S50httpd

=== replace with this ===
httpd -p 81 -h /www -r WL500GX Router
=== replace end ===

# kill the old one
killall -9 httpd

# restart it on it's new port

# from now on, to access the web interface of the router you should 
# add :81 to the url, e.g.

# install lighttpd

mkdir /usr/share/www

ipkg install lighttpd
ipkg install lighttpd-mod-status
ipkg install lighttpd-mod-cgi

#install php5 and gd

ipkg install php5-cgi
ipkg install php5-mod-gd

vi /etc/php.ini

=== change as follows ===
doc_root =
=== change end ===

vi /etc/lighttpd.conf

=== change as follows (adding lines in the right place as required) ===
server.modules = (
#server.document-root = "/www/"
server.document-root = "/usr/share/www/"

server.errorlog = "/var/log/lighttpd/error.log"

index-file.names = ( "index.php", "index.html", "default.html", "index.htm", "default.htm" )

#### CGI module
cgi.assign = ( ".php" => "/usr/bin/php" )

#### status module
status.status-url = "/server-status"
status.config-url = "/server-config"
=== change end ===

mkdir /var/log/lighttpd

# note, when lighttpd runs it looks here to see where to gets it's default 
config from
# /etc/default/lighttpd

# rename the init script so it's started after a reboot
mv /etc/init.d/lighttpd /etc/init.d/S50lighttpd

# start lighttpd
/etc/init.d/lighttpd start

# create a php test file
echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > /usr/share/www/pi.php

# you should be able to test the following url's (change ip's as appropriate)

# feel free to install any php or other web content to /usr/share/www at this time

# install bzip2
# note: this isn't an openwrt package and would install to /opt, so we need to
# manually install this

mkdir /tmp/bzip2
cd /tmp/bzip2
tar -xvzf bzip2_1.0.2-4_mipsel.ipk
tar -xvzf data.tar.gz
cp -r opt/* /

# now that's installed we could double check by looking at the output 
from which bzip2

# you should see output like this:

# tidy up
cd /tmp
rm -r bzip2

# download and install phpMp2

mkdir /usr/local/phpMp2
cd /usr/local/phpMp2
bzip2 -d phpMp2-0.11.0.tar.bz2
cd ..
tar -xf phpMp2/phpMp2-0.11.0.tar
ln -s /usr/local/phpMp2/ /usr/share/www/
cd ~

# configure it if you like, though the defaults are fine
vi /opt/share/www/phpMp2/config.php

# fire up this url (change ip's as appropriate)

# enjoy!

automatic starting of lighttpd after a reboot (just create a new script in /etc/init.d)

more details on hard drive partitioning (see the ones on for now)

need to use the swap partition, where's "swapon" on OpenWrt ?

Notes and Useful URL's:

# packages fro which you don't need -d opt...  be careful with these on openwrt!
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